TUN DATUK SERI PANGLIMA HAJI SAKARAN BIN DANDAI,
Yang di-Pertua Negeri.
29TH DECEMBER, 1998.
An Enactment to make provisions for the charging, levying and collecting of State sales tax and all matters incidental thereto.
ENACTED by the Legislature of the State of Sabah as follows:
1. Short title and commencement.
This Enactment may be cited as the State Sales Tax Enactment 1998 and shall come into force on such date as the Minister may, by notification in the Gazette, appoint. [c.i.f 31.03.99]
In this Enactment, unless the context otherwise requires-
“calendar month” means a month reckoned according to the Gregorian calendar;
“computer” has the meaning assigned thereto in section 3 of the Evidence Act 1950;
“Director” means the Director of State Sales Tax appointed under section 3(1);
“document” has the meaning assigned thereto in section 3 of the Evidence Act 1950;
“electronic data interchange” means the transfer, from computer to computer, of commercial and administrative transactions using an agreed message standard to structure the data pertaining to a transaction;
“goods” means all kinds of movable property and includes service and any lottery ticket;
“lottery” means any game, method, scheme or device whereby money or money's worth is distributed or alloted in any manner depending upon or to be determined by chance or lot;
“lottery ticket” includes any paper or figure or writing or symbol or other article whatsoever which either expressly or tacitly entitles or purports to entitle the holder or any other person to receive any money or money's worth on the happening of any event or contingency connected with any public lottery authorized or licensed under any written law relating to gaming, betting or lotteries;
“Minister” means the Minister charged with the responsibility for finance;
“penalty” means any charge due and payable under section 18;
“person” includes an individual, a firm, an association of persons, a company and every other juridical person;
“prescribed” means prescribed by regulations made under this Enactment;
“proper officer” means any officer acting under the authority or direction of the Director and includes a State Sales Tax Officer;
“public lottery” means a lottery to which the public or any class of the public has or may have access;
“regulations” means regulations made under this Enactment;
“sale” includes barter; and also includes the disposal of goods with a right of purchase or on terms providing that the seller retains an interest in the goods, the internal transfer of goods within the same entity for the purpose of processing the goods into another form of product and the delivery of goods under any condition as to future payment, whether or not the transaction takes place within or outside the State; and “to sell” has a corresponding meaning;
“State Sales Tax Officer” means a State Sales Tax Officer appointed under section 3(2);
“taxable goods” means goods sold or provided in respect of which State sales tax is chargeable under section 4;
“taxable period” means, subject to section 14(2), two calendar months or part thereof ending on the last day of the second calendar month;
“taxable person” means any person who is chargeable to State sales tax under this Enactment.
3. Appointment of Director and State Sales Tax Officers.
(1) There shall be appointed by the Minister by notification in the Gazette, a member of the State Public Service to be the Director of State Sales Tax who shall be responsible generally for the carrying out of the provisions of this Enactment and the superintendance of all matters relating to the State sales tax including collection thereof subject to the direction and control of the Minister.
(2) For the purposes of assisting the Director in the discharge of his powers and duties under this Enactment, there may be appointed by the Minister, by notification in the Gazette, from among members of the State Public Service such number of State Sales Tax Officers as may be necessary.
(3) A State Sales Tax Officer shall exercise such powers and perform such duties vested in the Director by this Enactment as may be delegated to him in writing by the Director from time to time.
(4) The Director may also by instrument in writing delegate, subject to such conditions and restrictions as he may think fit to impose, the exercise of such of his powers or the performance of such of his duties vested in him by this Enactment to any person.
IMPOSITIOIN OF STATE SALES TAX
4. Charge to tax.
Subject to this Enactment, there shall be charged and levied a tax known as State sales tax in respect of any prescribed goods (hereafter in this Enactment referred to as “taxable goods”) sold or provided by any person who carries on business in the State, whether for profit or otherwise.
5. Determination of sale value.
For the purpose of this Enactment, the sale value of goods on which State sales tax is payable shall be ascertained as follows:
(i) except as otherwise provided in regulations made under section 61, the actual price for which the taxable goods are sold; or
(ii) Where no charge is made for provision of such taxable goods, the charge which would have been made in the ordinary course of business for providing such goods to a person independent of the taxable person.
6. Rate of tax.
(1) The Minister may by order published in the Gazette fix the rate of State sales tax to be charged and levied under this Enactment.
(2) The Minister may from time to time by order published in the Gazette vary or amend the rate of tax fixed under subsection (1).
(3) Any order made under subsections (1) and (2) shall at the next meeting of the Legislative Assembly be laid on the table of the Legislative Assembly and shall remain in force unless the Legislative Assembly by resolution revokes the same.
(4) Where an order is revoked in whole or in part as provided in subsection (3), then any State sales tax levied in pursuance of such order or, as the case may be, of such part thereof as is revoked shall, subject to the provisions of subsection (5), be repayable to the person by whom such State sales tax was paid.
(5) Except otherwise directed by the Minister, no State sales tax payable under the provisions of subsection (4) shall be repaid, unless the person entitled to such repayment makes a claim thereof to the Director within one year from the date on which the order is revoked in whole or in part as provided by subsection (3); and such claim shall be made in writing and shall contain such particulars as the Director may by order require.
7. Computation of tax payable.
Subject to this Enactment, State sales tax shall be levied on the sale value at the rate in force at the time at which the State sales tax is due.
8. Powers of Minister to exempt and refund.
The Minister may, in any particular case, subject to such conditions as he may deem fit to impose-
(a) exempt any person or class of persons from the payment of the whole or any part of the State sales tax which otherwise would have been payable by that person or that class of persons;
(b) exempt any goods or class of goods from the whole or any part of the State sales tax which otherwise would have been payable;
(c) direct the refund to any person or class of persons of the whole or any part of the State sales tax paid by that person or that class of persons; or
(d) direct the refund to any person or class of persons of the whole or any part of the penalty paid by that person or that class of persons.
LICENSING OF TAXABLE PERSONS
9. Person chargeable to tax.
Subject to this Enactment, State sales tax shall be charged on and paid by any person (in this Enactment referred to as “taxable person”) who carries on business of selling or providing taxable goods referred to in section 4.
10. Application for licence, issue, etc.
(1) Every person who caries on business of selling or providing taxable goods referred to in section 4 shall apply to the Director in the prescribed form for a licence, and subject to section 11, no person shall carry on such a business unless he is in possession of a licence issued under subsection (2).
(2) Subject to subsection (3), the Director shall issue a licence in the prescribed form.
(3) Before any licence is issued under this section, or where a licence has been issued under this section, the Director may require the person applying for the licence, or the holder of the licence, as the case may be, to give such security for the due compliance by that person with the provisions of this Enactment and generally for the protection of the revenue as the Director thinks fit; and where the Director is at any time dissatisfied with any security given, he may require a new security in lieu thereof, or in addition thereto; and in default of such new security being given the Director may suspend any licence previously issued. During any such suspension the holder of any licence issued shall be deemed to be unlicensed.
(4) Any person licensed under this section shall carry on the business only at the place or premises specified in the licence issued under subsection (2).
11. Surrender and revocation of licences.
(1) If any taxable person ceases to carry on business he shall forthwith surrender his licence to the Director.
(2) If any taxable person ceases to carry on business as such or dies or being a company is dissolved, the Director shall revoke the licence.
(3) If any taxable person fails to comply with or is found acting contrary to, the provisions of section 12, 13, 14 or 16 the Director may revoke the licence, and if that person continues to carry on the business in respect of which the licence was issued, he shall be deemed to carry on the business without a licence under this Enactment.
INVOICES, RECORDS, RETURNS AND ASSESSMENT
Any person who sells or provides any taxable goods shall issue invoice in the National Language or in English to the customer or purchaser in respect of the transaction and shall state thereon the price of the taxable goods sold or provided.
13. Duty to keep records.
(1) Every taxable person shall keep in such books of account or other records as the Director may direct, full and true records written up to date of all transactions which affect or may affect his liability to State sales tax and shall keep those books of account or other records in the National Language or in English.
(2) The books of account and other records which are required to be kept in accordance with this section and duplicate copies of invoices issued under section 12 shall be preserved for a period of six years from the latest date to which the books of account, records and invoices relate.
14. Furnishing of returns.
(1) Every taxable person shall within twenty-eight days or such extended period as may be allowed by the Director after the end of each taxable period deliver to the proper officer a return in the prescribed form setting forth the aggregate amount of the proceeds received during that taxable period in respect of sales or charges for provisions of taxable goods, the amount of State sales tax payable and such other particulars as may be required by the Director; and the return shall be verified by declaration in the prescribed form.
(2) For the purpose of this section, where a taxable person closes his monthly business account on a date other than the last day of a calendar month, the taxable period shall be the period of two months ending on that date.
15. Assessment of tax.
(1) Any return furnished under section 14 may be accepted by the proper officer as sufficient proof of the matters therein contained, and State sales tax may be assessed by the proper officer accordingly.
(2) If the proper officer has reason to believe that the amount of State sales tax shown in a return made by any taxable person under section 14 as payable on any taxable goods is less than the amount payable under this Enactment, he may assess the tax at such greater amount as he deems fit and a notice in writing of the amount shall be served on that person.
(3) If the proper officer has reason to believe that State sales tax is payable in respect of any taxable goods under this Enactment, by any person who has not made a return in respect thereof, he may assess the State sales tax at such amount as he deems fit and a notice in writing of the amount shall be served on that person.
COLLECTION, RECOVERY, REFUND AND REMISSION
16. When tax becomes due and payable.
(1) The State sales tax chargeable under this Enactment shall be due at the time when payment is received for the taxable goods sold or provided to the customer or purchaser by the taxable person.
(2) Where the whole or any part of the payment for any taxable goods sold or provided is not received within a period of three calendar months from the date of issue of the invoice for the taxable goods sold or provided, the State sales tax shall be due on the day following that period of three months.
(3) Any State sales tax which falls due under subsection (1) or (2) during any taxable period shall be payable to the Director within twenty-eight days from the expiration of that taxable period.
17. Recovery of tax.
(1) Without prejudice to any other remedy, any State sales tax due and payable and any penalty payable under this Enactment may be recovered as a civil debt due to the State Government.
(2) In any suit to recover the State sales tax and penalty, if any, under subsection (1), the production of a certificate signed by the Director giving the name and address of the taxable person and the amount of the State sales tax and penalty, if any, due by him shall be sufficient evidence of the amount so due by him and sufficient authority for the court to give judgment for the said amount.
18. Penalty for late payment of tax.
Where any amount of State sales tax deemed payable remains unpaid after the last day on which it is payable under section 16-
(a) a penalty equal to ten per cent of such unpaid amount shall thereupon be payable;
(b) if the State sales tax due and payable remains unpaid for more than thirty days after the last day on which it was so payable the rate of penalty under paragraph (a) on such unpaid State sales tax shall be increased by two per cent for the second period of thirty days after such last day and for every succeeding period of thirty days or part thereof during which such amount remains unpaid to a maximum penalty of fifty per cent.
19. Joint and several liability of directors, etc.
Where State sales tax or penalty is due and payable by-
(a) a company;
(b) a firm; or
(c) an association of persons,
than notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Enactment or in any other written law, the directors of such company or the partners of such firm or members of such association of persons, as the case may be, shall, together with the person, company, firm or association of persons liable to pay the State sales tax or penalty, be jointly and severally liable for the State sales tax or penalty.
20. Persons about to leave Malaysia.
If the Director has reason to believe that a taxable person is about to leave Malaysia before any State sales tax or penalty due by him becomes payable in accordance with the provisions of this Enactment, the State sales tax or penalty shall, if the Director deems fit, be payable on such earlier date as he may determine and, if the whereabouts of the taxable person are known by the Director, the taxable person shall be notified accordingly.
21. Power to collect tax from person owing money to taxable person.
(1) Where any sum by way of State sales tax or penalty is due and payable by a taxable person, the Director may, by notice in writing (a copy of which shall be forwarded to the taxable person at his last known address) require-
(a) any person by whom any money is due or accruing or may become due to the taxable person;
(b) a person who holds or may subsequently hold money for or on account of the taxable person; or
(c) any person having authority from some other person to pay money to the taxable person,
to pay him forthwith, or within such period as the Director may allow, such money (not being salary or wages due to the taxable person) or so much thereof as is sufficient to pay the sum due and payable by the taxable person as aforesaid.
(2) All payments made pursuant to a notice under this section shall be deemed to have been made on behalf of the taxable person and with his authority and the authority of all other persons concerned.
22. Payment of tax erroneously refunded.
Where the whole or any part of any State sales tax or other moneys after having been paid, has been erroneously refunded then, provided a demand is made within three years from the date of which the refund was made, the person to whom such refund has erroneously been made shall repay the amount paid to him in error and the provisions of sections 17 and 18 shall apply.
Where the Director is satisfied that any State sales tax has or other moneys have been paid by reason of error, whether of fact or of law, he may refund the same on application made at any time within one year after the payment thereof and such refund shall be made in accordance with the Treasury Instructions issued under the Financial Procedure Act 1957.
The Minister may, if he thinks it just and equitable to do so, and subject to such conditions as he may deem fit to impose, remit the whole or any part of any State sales tax or other moneys due and payable under this Enactment, or the whole or any part of any penalty payable under the provisions of section 18.
INSPECTION, SEARCH, SIEZURE AND ARREST
25. Persons bound to give information.
(1) Every person having information about any matter into which it is the duty of the proper officer to inquire shall, upon being required by him to do so, give such information.
(2) Every person required by the proper officer to produce a document or other thing which is within the power of such person to produce, and which is a document or thing required under this Enactment or a document or thing used in any transaction relating to State sales tax or a document or thing into which it is the duty of the proper officer to inquire under this Enactment, shall produces such document or thing.
26. Access to buildings, places, books, etc.
(1) Any proper officer shall for the purposes of this Enactment at all times have full and free access to all buildings, places, books, documents and other papers for the purpose of ascertaining the amount of State sales tax to be payable by any person under this Enactment, and may, without fee or reward, inspect, copy or make extracts from any such books, documents or papers.
(2) Any proper officer may take possession of any such books, documents, or papers where in his opinion-
(a) the inspection, copying or extraction thereof cannot reasonably be performed without taking possession thereof;
(b) the books, documents or papers may be interfered with or destroyed unless possession thereof is taken; or
(c) the books, documents or papers may be required as evidence in proceedings for an offence against this Enactment or in proceedings for the recovery of State sales tax or other moneys payable under this Enactment.
27. Magistrate may issue search warrant.
(1) Whenever it appears to any Magistrate, upon written information upon oath and after any inquiry which he may think necessary, that there is reasonable cause to believe that in any dwelling house, shop or other building or place or on board any vessel or aircraft, there are concealed or deposited any taxable goods, books, documents or things which may afford evidence of an offence against this Enactment, the Magistrate may issue a warrant authorizing any proper officer named therein, at any time and with or without assistance to enter the dwelling house, shop or other building, place, vessel or aircraft and there to search for and seize the taxable goods, books, documents or things.
(2) The officer authorized in accordance with subsection (1) may if it is necessary so to do-
(a) break open any outer or inner door of the dwelling house, shop or other building, place or vessel or aircraft and enter every part thereof, if necessary, forcibly;
(b) remove by force any obstruction to such entry, search or seizure as he is empowered to effect;
(c) detain every person found in the dwelling house, shop or other building, place, vessel or aircraft until the search has been completed.
28. When search may be made without warrant.
Whenever it appears to the Director that there is reasonable cause to believe that in any dwelling house, shop or other building, or place, or on board any vessel or aircraft, there are concealed or deposited any taxable goods, books, documents or things which may afford evidence of an offence against this Enactment, and if he has reasonable grounds for believing that by reason of the delay in obtaining a search warrant the taxable goods, books, documents or things are likely to be removed, he may exercise in, upon and in respect of the dwelling house, shop or other building, place, vessel or aircraft all the powers mentioned in section 27 in the same manner as if he were empowered so to do by a warrant issued under that section.
29. Seizure of taxable goods, books, documents, etc.
All taxable goods, books, documents or things in respect of which the Director or the proper officer has reasonable cause to suspect that there has been committed any offence against this Enactment or a breach of any condition subject to which any licence has been issued under this Enactment and any taxable goods, books, documents or things which may reasonably be believed to have a bearing on the case, may be seized by that officer.
30. Power of arrest.
(1) Any proper officer may arrest without warrant-
(a) any person found committing or attempting to commit or employing or aiding any person to commit or abetting the commission of, an offence against this Enactment;
(b) any person whom he may reasonably suspect to have in his possession any taxable goods, books, documents or things liable to seizure under this Enactment;
(c) any person whom he may reasonably suspect to have committed an offence against this Enactment,
and that officer may search or cause to be searched any person so arrested:
(a) any person arrested by a proper officer who requests that his person be searched in the presence of a police officer shall not be searched except in the presence of and under the supervision of that officer, but that person may be detained until the arrival of that officer, or taken to any office or police station where that officer may be found;
(b) any belonging of any person who requests to be present when it is searched and so presents himself within a reasonable time shall not be searched except in his presence;
(c) no female shall be searched except by another female.
(2) Every person arrested under this section shall without unnecessary delay be taken to a police station to be dealt with under the provisions of the Criminal Procedure Code.
(3) If any person liable to arrest under this Enactment is not arrested at the time of committing the offence for which he is so liable, or after arrest makes his escape, he may at any time thereafter be arrested and dealt with as if he had been arrested at the time of committing the offence.
31. Failure to comply with notice, etc.
Without prejudice to any other liability incurred under this Enactment, any person who-
(a) fails or refuses to comply with the requirements of section 9, 10, 12, 13, 14, 16 or 21;
(b) carries on business at any place or premises not specified in the licence issued under section 10;
(c) fails or refuses to produce any taxable goods, book, document or thing for the examination or retention by the proper officer in accordance with the requirements of this Enactment;
(d) fails or refuses to give correct information or refuses to give any information which he is required to give relating to State sales tax;
(e) pays a lesser amount of State sales tax than is required by this Enactment;
(f) in any way obstructs any proper officer in the discharge of his functions under this Enactment; or
(g) contrary to section 12 issues an invoice showing the price of the taxable goods sold or provided which is false or incorrect,
shall be guilty of an offence against this Enactment, and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding twenty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to both.
32. Penalty for incorrect return.
Any person who makes an incorrect return under this Enactment or the regulations by omitting therefrom any information or gives any incorrect information in relation to any matter affecting his own liability to State sales tax or the liability of any other person or a firm or an association of persons shall be guilty of an offence against this Enactment and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding twenty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to both.
33. Penalty for charging or collecting tax by non-taxable person.
(1) No person shall charge or collect from any person any sum of money for the purpose of paying State sales tax levied under this Enactment in respect of any goods sold or provided by him or on his behalf.
(2) Any person who contravenes the provisions of this section shall be guilt of an offence against this Enactment and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding twenty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to both.
34. Penalty for evasion of tax.
(1) Any person who wilfully with intent to evade or to assist any other person to evade State sales tax-
(a) omits from a return made under this Enactment or the regulations any information in relation to any matter affecting the amount of his or other person's chargeability to State sales tax;
(b) makes a false statement or entry in any return made under this Enactment or the regulations;
(c) gives any false answer whether verbally or in writing to any question or request for information asked or made in pursuance of this Enactment or the regulation;
(d) prepares or maintains or authorizes the preparation or maintenance of any false book of accounts, false invoices or other false records, or falsifies or authorizes the falsification of any book of accounts, invoices or records; or
(e) makes use or authorizes the use of any fraud, act or contrivance,
shall be guilty of an offence against this Enactment and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding thirty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three years or to both.
(2) Where in any proceedings under this section it is proved that a false statement or false entry (whether by omission or otherwise) has been made in a return furnished under this Enactment or the regulations by or on behalf of any person or in any books of account, invoices or other records maintained by or on behalf of any person, that person shall be presumed until the contrary is proved to have made that false statement or entry with intent to evade State sales tax.
35. Attempts and abetments.
Whoever attempts to commit an offence against this Enactment, or abets the commission of such offence, shall be punished with the punishment provided for such offence,
36. General penalty.
Any omission or neglect to comply with and any act done or attempted to be done contrary to the provisions of this Enactment or the regulations, and in respect of which no penalty is expressly provided shall be an offence against this Enactment and the offender shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding twenty thousand ringgit or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to both.
37. Offences by corporate bodies.
(1) Where an offence under this Enactment or the regulations has been committed by a company, firm, society or other body of persons, any person who at the time of the commission of the offence was a director, manager, secretary or other similar officer or a partner of the company, firm, society or other body of persons or was purporting to act in such capacity shall be deemed to be guilty of that offence unless he proves that the offence was committed without his consent or connivance and that he exercised all such diligence to prevent the commission of the offence as he ought to have exercised, having regard to the nature of his functions in that capacity and to all the circumstances.
(2) Where any person would be liable under this Enactment to any punishment or penalty for any act, omission, neglect or default, he shall be liable to the same punishment or penalty for every such act, omission, neglect or default of any clerk, servant or agent, or of the clerk or servant of that agent provided that clerk or servant in the course of his employment or by that agent when acting on behalf of that person or by the clerk or servant of that agent when acting in the course of his employment in such circumstances that had such act, omission, neglect or default been committed by the agent his principal would have been liable under this section.
PROVISIONS AS TO TRIALS AND PROCEEDINGS
38. Who may prosecute.
Prosecutions in respect of offences committed under this Enactment or any regulation may be conducted by any public officer authorized in writing in that behalf by the Public Prosecutor under section 377(b) of the Criminal Procedure Code.
39. First Class Magistrate's Court to have jurisdiction.
Notwithstanding the provisions of any written law to the contrary, a First Class Magistrate's Court shall have jurisdiction to try any offence under this Enactment for any such offence.
40. Protection of informers from discovery.
(1) Except as hereinafter provided, no witness in any civil or criminal proceedings under this Enactment shall be obliged or permitted to disclose the name or address of an informer, or the substance of the information received from him, or state any matter which might lead to his discovery.
(2) Subject to subsection (3), if any books, documents or papers which are produced in evidence or liable to inspection in any civil or criminal proceeding under this Enactment, contain any entry in which any informer is named or described or which might lead to his discovery, the court shall cause all such passages to be concealed from view or to be obliterated, but only to the extent necessary to protect the informer from discovery.
(3) If on trial for any offence under this Enactment, the court, after full enquiry into the case, believes that the informer wilfully made in his complaint a material statement which he knew to be false or did not believe to be true, or if in any other proceedings the court is of the opinion that justice cannot fully be done between the parties thereto without the discovery of the informer, it shall be lawful for the court to require the production of the original complaint, if in writing, and permit enquiry and require full disclosure concerning the informer.
41. Compounding of offences.
(1) The Director with the written approval of the Minister may compound any offence which is prescribed to be a compoundable offence by accepting from the person reasonably suspected of having committed such offence a sum of money not exceeding ten thousand ringgit.
(2) On payment of such sum of money the person reasonably suspected of having committed an offence, if in custody, shall be discharged, and any goods seized shall be released and no further proceedings shall be taken against such person or goods.
42. Proportional examination or testing of goods seized to be accepted by courts.
When any goods suspected of being taxable goods or other wise liable to seizure have been seized, it shall be sufficient to open, examine, and if necessary test the contents of ten per centum only of each description of package or receptacle in which such goods are contained, and the court shall presume, until the contrary is proved, that the goods contained in the unopened packages or receptacles are of the same nature, quantity and quality as those found in the similar packages or receptacles which have been opened.
43. Evidence of analysis may be given in writing.
(1) In any prosecution under this Enactment, a certificate of analysis under the hand of an analyst shall, on production thereof by the prosecutor, be sufficient evidence of the facts stated therein unless the defendant requires that the analyst be called as a witness, in which case he shall give notice thereof to the prosecutor not less than ten days before the day on which the summons is returnable; and in like manner a certificate of analysis under the hand of an analyst shall, on production thereof by the defendant, be sufficient evidence of the facts stated therein, unless the prosecutor requires that the analyst be called as a witness.
(2) A copy of the certificate referred to in subsection (1) shall be sent to the defendant or the prosecutor, as the case may be, at least ten days before the day fixed for the hearing of the summons, and if it is not so sent the court may adjourn the hearing on such terms as it may think proper.
(3) In this section “analyst” means-
(a) a person employed as a Chemist in the Department of Chemistry;
(b) a person employed as a Chemist in the State or Federal Department of Agriculture;
(c) a person employed as a Chemist, or a Geologist in the Geological Survey Department; and
(d) any other person or class of persons who is or are declared by the Minister, by notification in the Gazette, to be an analyst or analysts for the purposes of this section.
(4) If an analyst is called by the defendant as provided by subsection (1) of this section, he shall be called at the expense of the defendant unless the court otherwise directs.
44. Manner of seizure not to be enquired into on trial before court or on appeal to High Court.
On any trial before any court and in any proceedings on appeal in the High Court, relating to the seizure of goods subject to forfeiture under this Enactment, the court shall proceed to such trial or hear such appeal on the merits of the case only, without enquiring into the manner or form of making any seizure, except insofar as the manner and form of seizure may be evidence of such merits.
45. Goods liable to seizure liable to forfeiture.
(1) All goods liable to seizure under the provisions of this Enactment shall be liable to forfeiture.
(2) For the purpose of this section and of sections 46, 47, 48 and 49 the word “goods” shall be deemed to include receptacles, conveyances, vessels and aircraft.
(3) All goods forfeited shall be delivered to the Director and shall be disposed of in accordance with his directions.
46. Court to order disposal of goods seized.
(1) An order for the forfeiture of for the release of anything liable to forfeiture under the provisions of this Enactment shall be made by the court before which a prosecution with regard thereto has been held.
(2) An order for the forfeiture of goods shall be made if it is proved to the satisfaction of the court that an offence against this Enactment has been committed and that the goods were the subject matter of, or were used in the commission of, the offence, notwithstanding that no person may have been convicted of such offence.
47. Goods seized in respect of which there is no prosecution deemed to be forfeited if not claimed within one month.
(1) Where no prosecution is initiated with regard to any goods seized under this Enactment, such goods shall be deemed to be forfeited at the expiration of one calendar month from the date of seizure unless claim thereto is made before that date in the manner hereinafter set forth.
(2) Any person asserting that he is the owner of such goods and that they are not liable to forfeiture may personally, or by his agent authorized in writing in that behalf, give written notice to the Director that he claims the same.
(3) On receipt of such notice the Director may direct that such goods be released or may refer the matter to the First Class Magistrate for his decision.
(4) The First Class Magistrate shall issue a summon requiring the person asserting that he is the owner of the goods and the person from whom they were seized to appear before him, and upon their appearance or default to appear, due service of such summons being proved, the First Class Magistrate shall proceed to the examination of the matter and on proof that an offence against this Enactment has been committed and that such goods were the subject matter, or were used in the commission, of such offence shall order the same to be forfeited, or may in the absence of such proof order their release.
(5) In any proceedings under subsection (4) of this section, the provisions of section 49 shall apply to the person asserting that he is the owner of the goods and to the person from whom they were seized as if such owner or person had been the defendant in a prosecution under this Enactment.
48. Minister may order return of goods seized.
(1) The owner or any person having a beneficial interest in any goods seized may, before the expiration of one calendar month from the date of the forfeiture of such goods, or from the date on which such goods shall be deemed to be forfeited, as the case may be, make application to the Minister for the return of such goods.
(2) Subsequent to any application made in accordance with subsection (1), the Minister may order any goods seized under this Enactment, whether forfeited or not, to be delivered to the owner or other person entitled thereto, upon such terms and conditions as he may deem fit.
49. Burden of proof.
If in any prosecution in respect of any goods seized for non-payment of State sales tax or for any cause of forfeiture or for the recovery of any penalty of penalties under this Enactment, any dispute arises whether State sales tax has been paid in respect of such goods or whether anything is exempt from State sales tax, then and in every such case the burden of proof thereof shall lie on the defendant in such prosecution.
50. Conviction under other law.
Nothing contained in this Enactment shall prevent the prosecution, conviction and punishment of any person according to the provisions of any other written law for the time being in force in Malaysia or in any part thereof:
Provided that no person shall be punished more than once for the same offence.
51. Officers to be public servants.
Every person employed on any duty or service relating to the State sales tax shall be deemed to be a public servant within the meaning of the Penal Code.
52. Authority cards to be produced.
(1) Every officer when acting against any person under this Enactment, shall, if not in uniform, on demand declare his office and produce to the person against whom he is acting such authority card as he is required to carry in the performance of his duties under this Enactment.
(2) It shall not be an offence for any person to refuse to comply with any request, demand or order made by any officer acting or purporting to act under this Enactment, if such officer is not in uniform and refuses to declare his office and produce his authority card on demand being made by such person.
53. No costs or damages arising from seizure to be recoverable unless seizure without reasonable or probable cause.
No person shall in proceedings before any court in respect of the seizure of any thing seized in the exercise or the purported exercise of any power conferred under this Enactment, be entitled to the costs of the proceedings or to any damages or other relief other than an order for the return of the thing or the payment of its value unless the seizure was made without reasonable or probable cause.
54. Service of notices.
Every notice or document required by this Enactment, to be served on any person may be served personally upon such person, or may be served by sending such notice or document to him by registered post at his usual or last known place of abode, and in the latter case shall be deemed to have been served on him at the time which it would have been delivered to him in the ordinary course of the post.
55. Clerks and servants may transact business.
The clerks or servants of any person or firm may transact business generally with any proper officer on behalf of the person of firm:
Provided that an officer may refuse to transact business with the clerk or servant unless the person or a member of the firm identifies such clerk or servant to the officer as empowered to transact.
The Director with the approval of the Minister may order such rewards as he may deem fit to be paid to any officer or other person for services rendered in connection with the detection of any offences against this Enactment.
57. Forms to be used.
Where any form has been prescribed under section 61 no person shall, for the purpose of this Enactment, use any form which is not printed or issued by authority of the Director:
Provided that the Director may, at his discretion and subject to such conditions as he may deem fit to impose, permit any person to use forms which are not so printed or issued as aforesaid, or permit the use of any form submitted through an electronic data interchange.
58. Disputes and appeal.
(1) Where any person disputes the decision of a proper officer acting in the course of duty under this Enactment he may appeal therefrom to the Director whose decision on such dispute shall, subject to subsection (2), be final.
(2) Any person aggrieved by a decision of the Director may, within thirty days of being notified of the decision, appeal to the Minister whose decision thereon shall be final and not be subject to review in any court.
59. Liquidator of company to give notice of winding up, and set aside tax.
(1) Where after the passing of this Enactment an effective resolution is passed or an order is made for the winding up of a company to which a licence under section 10 is issued the liquidator of the company shall give notice thereof to the Director within fourteen days after the passing of the resolution or the making of the order, and shall before disposing of any other assets of the company set aside such sum out of the assets of the company as appears to the Director to be sufficient to provide for any State sales tax that there is or will thereafter become payable in respect of the company.
(2) A liquidator of any such company who fails to give notice to the Director within the time specified in subsection (1) or fails to provide for payment of the State sales tax as required by that subsection shall be personally liable for any State sales tax that is or becomes payable as aforesaid.
(3) Where two or more persons are appointed liquidators or are required by law to carry out the winding up of any such company the obligations and liabilities attaching to a liquidator under this section shall attach to all such persons jointly and severally, subject to a right of contribution between themselves as in cases of contract.
60. Appointment of receiver to be notified to the Director.
(1) Where a receiver is appointed of the property of a person to whom a licence under section 10 is issued the receiver shall give notice thereof to the Director within fourteen days after the appointment being made, and shall before disposing of any of the assets of that person set aside such sum out of the assets as appears to the Director to be sufficient to provide for any State sales tax that there is or will thereafter become payable in respect of taxable goods that have been sold or provided by that person before the appointment of the receiver.
(2) A person appointed as receiver who fails to give notice to the Director within the time specified in subsection (1) or fails to provide for payment of the State sales tax as required by that subsection shall be personally liable for any State sales tax that is or becomes payable as aforesaid.
(3) Where two or more persons are appointed receivers the obligations and liabilities attaching to a receiver under this section shall attach to all such persons jointly and severally, subject to a right of contribution between themselves as in cases of contract.
61. Power to make regulations.
The Minister may make regulations to prescribe and regulate-
(a) the procedure for application and issue of licences to taxable persons;
(b) the determination of sale value and fixing of the price of taxable goods;
(c) the manner of assessment of State sales tax;
(d) the form and contents of invoices required to be issued by any taxable person;
(e) the manner and mode of keeping such records required to be kept by any taxable person;
(f) the manner of generating, producing and storing documents required under this Enactment by means of computers and transmitting thereof by means of electronic data interchange;
(g) the place at which the State sales tax is to be paid and collected;
(h) the forms to be used under and for the purposes connected with this Enactment;
(i) anything required or permitted in this Enactment to be prescribed or regulated;
(j) generally to give effect to the provisions of this Enactment.
CERTIFIED by me to be a true copy of the Bill passed by the Legislative Assembly on Tuesday the 17th day of November, 1998.
DATUK FRANCIS T. N. YAP,
State Legislative Assembly.